While it can be fixed, the “hard drive not showing up in Windows 10” error is a distinct problem. Your computer needs a hard drive to store local information such as your files, software (including the Windows 10 system), and other important data that allow your computer to operate.
If Windows 10 isn’t recognizing your hard drive, it’s time to get it fixed. In this guide, you will learn how to troubleshoot the issue in easy to follow steps. Learn the solution whether you're installing a new system, or if you’ve already been running Windows 10 and it suddenly doesn’t recognize your hard disk.
How to fix Windows 10 doesn’t recognize my hard drive?
Hard drives, whether they or new or old, internal or external, can suddenly begin not showing up in the File Explorer or Disk Management. Don't panic - this is one of the most common issues Windows 10 users encounter. The problem can range from being minor inconvenience to a serious matter. If you can boot up your device, you don't have much to worry about as your disk is still operational. On the other hand, you might lose access to your files if Windows 10 is unable to boot from the problematic drives.
The good news is, we can show you some ways to help you solve the problem and potentially save your files. Let’s first determine where the problem comes from.
Here’s one instance where you might encounter the Windows 10 hard drive not showing right-clicking "This PC" and selecting "Manage." Go to "Disk Management" and find the hard drive missing or showing up as not initialized and unallocated space. If you see your hard drive here, then the issue may be in the not show up in File Explorer for one or more reasons, such as the device status is unknown or not initialized or the disk space is unallocated. Let’s try these steps to initialize disk:
- Right-click "This PC" (in Windows 10 File Explorer) and choose "Manage."
- Go to "Disk Management" and right-click your new hard disk. Choose the "Initialize Disk."
- In the dialog box, select the disk you wish to initialize and choose the MBR or GPT partition.
Also, try to create partitions:
- Right-click "This PC" and choose "Manage" > "Disk Management."
- Right-click the unallocated space and choose "New Simple Volume."
- In New Simple Volume Wizard, click "Next" to continue.
- Follow the wizard to specify the volume size, assign a drive letter to the volume, and then format the partition.
How to fix new hard drive not detected on Windows 10
If your new harddisk is not detected by or Disk Manager, it could be because of a driver issue, connection issue, or faulty BIOS settings. These can be fixed. Connection issues can be from a faulty USB port, or a damaged cable. Incorrect BIOS settings may cause the new hard drive to be disabled. Let’s examine ways to fix these issues and see if we can get you on the road again.
- Check your connection. This is usually the quickest fix. Connect your hard drive with SATA cable instead of a USB cable to start with. Also, change the cable port to see if this makes a difference. You can connect your hard drive to another computer to see if it operates, or if the issue is local to your device. This will let you know if the problem is with the hard drive, your computer, or the cables.
- Update your drivers. Since your hard drive isn’t detected, yo u can’t update drivers as you normally would by right-clicking the device and choosing "Update driver." Instead, visit the official support site of the hardware manufacturer and download the latest driver that match the product you purchased.
- Enable the hard drive in BIOS. Restart your computer and press the BIOS key per your computer’s instructions. Use the arrow keys on your keyboard and choose "Integrated Peripherals," then hit "Enter." Use the arrow keys to select "USB Controller." Check if it's disabled, and change the option to "Enabled." Save the settings and restart your computer to see if the issue is fixed.
How to fix Windows 10 hard drive not visible
What if your disk doesn’t show up in Windows 10 without an error warning? You get this problem a lot, especially with used drives. Right-click “This PC” and choose “Manage.” Select “Disk Management.” Can you see the disk? Is it not showing in File Explorer? This could be because there is a conflict, unallocated space, or a driver error.
Method 1. Change the assigned letter
All drives are assigned an identifying letter when they're created. For example, the default letter of Windoes drives is usually "C:". In some cases, simply changing this letter could solve the visibility issues, as long as your computer boots up.
- In Disk Management, right-click the volume and select "Change Drive Letter and Paths."
- In the new window, click "Change." Here you can assign a new drive letter to your USB and click "OK." This should fix the problem.
A used device can suddenly produce unallocated space. Unallocated space cannot be used to store data. To use the space, you need to create a partition on it, or split it into multiple partitions. Accidentally deleting a partition, virus attacks, or other reasons can cause this type of partition loss on your disk. You simply need to do data recovery from the unallocated space, then create a new volume on the disk to use it again.
Method 2. Recover data from the unallocated space
- Right-click on your C: drive in Disk management and click Extend Volume.
- You should be able to just click Next through the screens. If Disk Management won't let you do it because it is your system OS partition, you can download and install one of many programs designed to do this. MiniTool Partition Wizard is our recommendation.
- After you have retrieved your files, you need to create a new partition. In “Disk Management,” right-click the unallocated space and choose "New Simple Volume." Simply follow the wizard to complete the process. If this doesn’t work, update your drivers. Drivers can cause major issues on your computer if they are not kept up to date.
Method 3. Formatting
It’s possible your disk is just not formatted. If you're using an external drive, it may need to be formatted in order to operate properly with Windows 10. You can do this by right-clicking on the external in “Disk Management” and find the “Format” option.
If your hard disk is not detected in the Disk Management app, there issue could be problematic connections, outdated drivers, or physical damage. If your situation doesn't improve after checking connections, updating drivers, and completing the steps in this article, it’s very possible you just have a bad hard drive.
We believe this article was informative and helpful to open hard drive in Windows 10. For more information about how to repair Windows errors, please return to our website. In addition, you’ll get better deals on Microsoft Office software, along with helpful guides and articles.
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